7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen

The name comes from the Austrian Field-Marshal, Prince Eugene of Savoy (October 18, 1663 to April 21, 1736), who had remarkable wins in the wars against Turkey and France.

  • 13th SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs Regiment Artur Phleps(August 1943)
  • 14th SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs Regiment Skanderbeg (December 1944)

Division Leaders:

  • SS-Gruppenführer Artur Phleps (until June 1943)
  • SS-Brigadeführer Reichritter Carl von Oberkamp (until February 1944)
  • SS-Brigadeführer Otto Kumm (until January 1945)
  • SS-Oberführer August Schmidhuber

The division was formed in March 1942 out of ethnic Germans in Balkan, mostly with Austrian and Romanian officers. The division was trained in Serbia during the summer of 1942. The division consisted of several different nations, their equipment and training were very good. The division was used in the anti-partisan operations. The prisoners and civilians, who helped the enemy, were treated cruelly. The division participated in the Operation White from January to March 1943 in the areas of Slunji, Bihach and Petrovac, and in the Operation Black from May to June 1943 West of Montenegro. They also took part in the Operation Snowstorm in December 1943 in the area of Rogatica-Goražde. In 1944 the division rested and received additions in the Ragusa-Split area. After the vacation they battled against the Tito partisans. In October 1944 they retreated while fighting with the Red Army through Yugoslavia to Belgrad. During the defence battles the division suffered great losses which resulted in many soldiers deciding to desert. At the end of 1944 the remains of the 21st SS Division Skanderbeg were merged with the division's 14th regiment, which was then named Skanderbeg. The division kept open the Vardar corridor in Macedonia, through which the Army Group Löhr could escape. They had rough battles with the Red Army, Bulgarian units and partisans. Until May 1945 they battled in Balkan, where eventually they surrendered to the Yugoslavians in Cilli, Slovenia.

Insignia:

Cuffband Prinz Eugen (from November 1942), regiment's name Artur Phelps (November 1944), the mountain unit's symbol on the sleeve, the Odalrunic symbol on the collar patches. The runic symbols SS were also worn.

6 men from this division received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.