27th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Langemarck (1st Flemish)

The division was named after Eastern Langemarck in West Flanders, where during the World War I (on October 10, 1914) young German volunteers went to battle, singing the hymn "Deutschland, Deutschland Über Alles" and with great losses occupied the Belgians' positions.

  • 66th SS Volunteer Grenadier Regiment (November 1944)
  • 67th SS Volunteer Grenadier Regiment Langemarck
  • 68th SS Volunteer Grenadier Regiment

Division Leaders:

  • SS-Obersturmbannführer Conrad Schellong
  • SS-Standartenführer Thomas Müller

In 1941 the Flemish SS Volunteer Legion Flandern was formed. It battled on the Eastern front until May 1943 and was then sent to Milowitz in Czech, where it was expanded to the 6th SS Volunteer Brigade Langemarck. After training the brigade was sent to Ukraine in December 1943, where they had rough battles under Zitomir and Jampol. In March 1944 the unit was surrounded and only 400 men out of 2,000 managed to break out of the pocket. The survivors were gathered in Czech, where the rearranging took place. By June 16, 1944 the first battalion was formed and it was sent to Narva front under the command of SS-Hauptsturmführer Rehmann. In rough battles in the Sinimäed Hills the battalion lost all of its officers in July 25 and 26, after two-month long battles 130 men out of 500 survived. In September 1944 the brigade retreated from Estonia to Pomerania. On Seotember 18, 1944 the brigade was expanded to the 27th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Langemarck. This division had 18,000 men from Flemish Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Organisation Todt and other Flemish units. The 3,000-men Kampfgruppe Langemarck was formed out of trained men and the leader of this unit was SS-Obersturmbannführer Conrad Schellong. In January 1945 the unit was sent to the Eastern front, where it battled under Suchań. From February to March 1945 they had rough battles in Stargard and Altdamm, where the unit decreased into a battalion. On March 20, 1945 the Kampfgruppe was sent to reserve and after it received additions, its staff expanded to 6,000 men. On April 17, 1945 the unit was sent to battle on the Oder River. At the end of April the elite battalion Flamische Hitlerjugend failed to break through the enemy lines in order to head towards Berlin.

In May 1945 they battled in Mecklenburg, where most of the men managed to break through from the North to reach Berlin and surrendered to the British.

Insignia:

Cuffband Freiwilligen Legion Flandern and SS-Vlaanderen (1941-1943), later Langemarck; runic symbols SS (1941-1943) on the collar patches; brigade and the division wore the Trifos collar tab.

2 men from this division received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.