Tragic January

By that time the Soviet Union had recovered from the hardships of the first year, when they lost about 4 million men, some dead, some missing and some imprisoned, which is equal with the number of men on the German side of the Eastern Front. Germany could have even won the Eastern Campaign if the board's short-sightedness hadn't been blinded by the racial theory. A new factor had entered the war on the Russian side – the assistance of the United States. The Soviet Union had managed to provoke Japan to attack Pearl Harbor and this has remained a mystery to this day.

The material help of the US made the Red Army invincible. The aluminum received from the US enabled the Russians to produce twice as much aircrafts. The 420,000 vehicles brought from the States gave the Red Army a chance to move, they could now move their units from one front area to the other and make the troops concentrate to the main areas of the attack. So the gigantic Russian army gathered to the Leningrad front and on the Oranienbaum bridgehead. The Red Army had 1,241,000 men there, which was depressingly outnumbering the German Army Group Nord, which had 741,000 soldiers and officers. The relation of powers was 1,7:1. The relation of weapons was even more in favor of the Russians: cannons 2:1; tanks 3,8:1; aircrafts 4,1:1. This way it was predictable what was going to happen. Already in autumn 1943 the leader of Nord, Feldmarschall Kühler, gave an order to be ready for retreating. It was true, the Nord did receive additional subunits, among these was the 3rd Germanic SS Panzer Corps with the Division Nordland, but all this was nothing against the attackers strength.

On January 14 this gigantic force started its attack with five Russian armies. The 2nd Attack Army started from the Oranienbaum bridgehead, the 67th from Mga, the 59th, 8th and 54th from the Volkhov front. The point of this huge attack was to destroy all Germans on the Leningrad-Volkhov front. At first Narva and Pihkva were conquered, then Tallinn and Pärnu. The whole Estonia was waiting for a crushing hit in January 1944. The huge predominance in technology and human resources gave the Red Army all hopes. After a two-hour destructive firing, in which the red-flagged Baltic Armada and the Kronstadt forts participated, the Red Army started its attack on January 14, 1944. The German units were chopped into pieces and they retreated in panic. Many of them were able to think straight when they reached Narva. What came over the Narva river was a formless human mass, not soldiers, not to mention any kind of units. The officers who came with guns and men, were given to the military court, the others were taken to Germany for reorganizing.

Despite all a MIRACLE happened. The giant army's attack was stopped. Not by the German field divisions but by the units which had so far been called the volunteers. The Leningrad siege was crushed but the German 18th Army was only partly ruined. But the plan to occupy Estonia was decisively stopped. What happened from that moment on can directly be called the Estonian Second War of Independence. More than 70,000 Estonian men, under different units and cooperating with their allies, showed what can happen if you have the support of the homeland – mothers, fathers, wives, children, sisters, brothers… Doesn't matter how much dust was swirled – it was a war, which the Estonians had against the country that had shown from 1940 to 1941 that its much worse, cruel and destructive than any plague. DEATH was approaching. And the only thing they had to battle with death was self-sacrifice, to die while killing. There was no other way, like in 1918 to 1920. In 1939 people thought that reconciliation is one option. Now they knew that it wasn't. What did it matter which uniforms they wore or did they have uniforms at all? Only those can argue about it who do not know what happened in this small piece of land and what will happen in the future.