Estonia 1944

We will now start describing the most tragic part of this century and probably in the whole history of Estonia. Elation and heroicness is merged with human sufferings. We will talk about the history, which includes unbelievable events but we know for sure that these events did happen.

This is an overview of the Estonian Second War of Independence, the sequel of the First War of Independence. On the other hand it is something that remained undone in the autumn of 1939. We now know that before the Russian units brought their bases here, General Laidoner had given a large number of operative and administrative commands in case they had to reach for the weapons. These commands were related to national defence, mobilization, area covering plan and battle commands. They were rightfully afraid that the bases mean that Estonia will be basically conquered. That's why in September 1939 they tried to predict from which direction the enemy would most likely come, which positions to take if that should happen, which roads need to be blocked, which bridges destroyed, when to bring out the tank barriers and mine fields. How to organize air surveillance, defence, darkening… Narva front became especially important because they were anticipating enemy's quick attack from that direction. Guard posts and outdoors watch were set up. The reinforced concrete bunkers were opened and set battle-ready on the bridgehead positions and the river's line. The shooting-range was cleared, anti-tank mines were placed on the positions. The men received a load of bullets for the battles and a backup set of clean underwear.

By September 27 all preparations had been made and the military commander-in-chief gave the following operative order no 1: "If the war starts now, we reach for our guns to protect Estonia's independence and Estonians' freedom." There was no command to start the resistance. They surrendered. The enemy was let in according to the contract. 25,000 fully armed Red Army soldiers marched to Estonia. On June 17, 1940 when Germans were conquering Paris, the base units in Estonia were prepared for the battles. At the same time 100,000 Russians attacked Estonia. The Soviet Union practically declared war on the Republic of Estonia and the Estonian country was from that day in war situation with the Soviet Union.

Until this day we haven't been able to figure out why the army's commander-in-chief failed to give an operative order no 1 in 1939. There have been questions and guesses why we didn't act as Finland had. At the same time it's indisputable that on June 17, 1940 the Estonian citizens not only had the right, but holy obligation to battle with the country who declared war to us. Who we choose as our allies in a situation like that, was up to us. The British and Americans decided that their ally in the war against Germany will be the Soviet Union, whom they fervently supported. And this was their decision. Although the Soviet Union was the biggest murder-country of the mankind and nothing like it can be found from the history.

The allies of the Estonians, as we know, were not only Germans but also a large number of other nation's sons. All Estonians and others who battled on our side against the red regime were undoubtedly Estonian freedom fighters. They fought with the aggressor that had conquered our land with strength and terror. The men of the Estonian Corps did not have a choice because the history sent them to battle in the aggressor's army. This wasn't the fault of these men and, in many cases, not their desire. How and if we evaluate the men in this battle, is totally up to us. This shows our independence. Or do we depend on those who don't know history at all nor want to know it. Or will we evaluate history based on how it was determined by the leader of all nations, Jossif Vissarionovich Stalin, in Teheran, Jalta and Potsdam and which has become the criteria in measuring the truth in so many western countries' history. It was the sad reality. The closer truth to the Second World War has not yet been written.